On Jan. 15, 1929 - Civil Rights icon Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born.
On Monday, we observe the Martin Luther King, Jr. Day federal holiday, honoring one of our nation's all-time great civil and workers’ rights leaders. But winning the holiday to recognize King’s legacy was a struggle in itself.
Legislation to recognize MLK Day was finally passed in 1983, after a multiple-year effort to overcome congressional opposition. Campaigners, including the King family and singer Stevie Wonder, collected six million petition signatures. Wonder’s worldwide hit, “Happy Birthday” was both a celebration of King’s life and a call to recognize his birthday.
King was a champion of working people and labor unions, which he saw as integral to his work in promoting civil rights. At the time of his assassination in Memphis, TN, in 1968 he was supporting striking sanitation workers.
Despite federal recognition of the holiday, effective January 1986, postal management opposed observing a tenth annual holiday in the 1984-1987 union contract. The presentation was made at interest artibtration by then Executive Vice-President, later President, Bill Burrus, who spoke on behalf of the joint APWU-NALC bargaining committee. After a rousing presentation it was included in Arbitrator Kerr’s award, and the holiday was secured in the National Agreement.
“This annual holiday will serve as a reminder of a great American hero who was assassinated while supporting a peaceful union struggle in Memphis, Tennessee. It is a tribute to the struggle waged by Dr. King for freedom, justice, and equality for all people,” wrote then-APWU President Moe Biller at the time.